Tuesday, June 19, 2012

Natalia Goncharova



Natalia in 1910
Born June 16, 1881
Negaevo, Tula Province, Russia
Died October 17, 1962 (aged 81)
Paris, France
Nationality Russian
Field Painting, Costume design, writer, illustrator, set designer
Training 1898 entered Moscow school of Painting, sculpture and architecture as a sculpture student but later changed to painting

  One of 9 panels devoted to Russian peasant life entitled, Peasants Gathering Grapes, 1912. Others include Peasants Feasting, below


Natalia Sergeevna Goncharova (Russian: Ната́лья Серге́евна Гончаро́ва; June 16, 1881 - October 17, 1962) was a Russian avant-garde artist (Cubo-Futurism, Rayonism) painter, costume designer, writer, illustrator, and set designer.

 Her great-aunt was Natalia Pushkina, wife of the poet Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin,who felt insulted by both his wife and her lover, welcomed the advances of one ..Georges-Charles de Heeckeren d'Anthès. D'Anthès, a French officer serving with the Chevalier Guard Regiment
in Moscow (Source: Wikopedia)

The back Story: 
Alexander Sergeevich, Russia's greatest poet and a descendent of an Ethiopian attendant to Peter the Great, was an avid champion of liberalism, active with The Decemberists, and a bit of  a hot head.  He felt insulted because a French baron, Dantes, was courting the poet's wife. Pushkin challenged him to a duel and on February 10, 1837, Pushkin died after being mortally wounded. Notoriously touchy about his honor, Pushkin had fought a total of twenty-nine duels.

 and was fatally wounded in such an encounter wi, had been attempting to seduce the poet's wife, Natalya Pushkina. Pushkin's early death at the age of 37 is still regarded as a catastrophe for Russian literature.


Pushkin's great-grandfather, was Abram Petrovich Gannibal, the Russian pronunciation of Hannibal (1696–1781), an African page raised by Peter the Great. The only known fact was that he himself wrote in a letter to Empress Elizabeth, Peter the Great's daughter, that he was from the town of "Lagon". Russian biographers concluded from the beginning that Lagon was in Ethiopia, a nation with Orthodox Christian associations.

As an artist, Natalia Goncharova left an astounding legacy in Russian arts. besides her painting and outspoken support through several styles in modern art (Primitivism, Cubism, Futurism, Rayism), she is remembered for stage and costume design, images from Russian folklore, and domestic rural scenes




The Ascension 

  Fishing, 1910


Natalia Goncharova, The Bread Seller, 1911 


Green and Yellow Forest, 1912
(Rayonism)

Airplane Over Train, 1913
 


Space, 1957
 

Book Illustration, 1930
KHLEBNIKOV. Vila leshchii. 1930.


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