Tuesday, November 19, 2013

ART DEPICTS EATING en plein air



Pablo Picasso, Dejeuner sur l'herb

A blog post from THE ARTIST AT THE TABLE

LITARTFOOD
ARTFOODLIT
FOODLITART
                              





(Above) Lucien Labaudt (b. Paris, France, 1880-1943)  was a student of Mexican Socialist muralist, Diego Rivera, and went on to become on of the leading American muralists during the 1930s WPA program.  In the San Francisco area, many of his murals can be found at the Beach Chalet Restaurant, Ocean Boulevard, and at Coit Tower,San Francisco.

In this mural, Labaudt painted his own family members at the picnickers.



TEXT

Picnics carry the reputation of casual, possibly community or family friendship, often combined with swimming or volleyball or just good conversation. Others evoke romantic  experiences, two lovers alone in solitary bliss.


     Like the picnic at the end of the film,  "Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil" (1997), and like the picnic in the film, "Picnic" (1955) and like the picnic in the Australian film, "Picnic at Hanging Rock", the short story of Israel Hubewitz (Hurewitz), " A Picnic", Audrey Vahrgese's, "Rainy Day Picnic," and the dark Israeli story by Oz Shelack, Picnic Grounds: A Story in Fragments (2003), and the poem by Djanikian"Immigrant Picnic", such an event may succeed without detailed mention of food.

     Likewise for the huge crowds attending 19th century Quaker picnics in Ulster County, New York, in the late 1880s, prior to the onslaught there of the Temperance Movement.  The time factor may be merely coincidental. [Poughkeepsie Eagle, 1886- 1889].

     And in my novel Sabbatical for an Icon (unpublished), the heroine seals her fate by attending an annual Russian-American picnic near San Francisco, seducing a neighbor boy and opening a new chapter in her life.  Literally.

     Picnics today are a good context for the unexpected, the macabre, even violence. Le Pique-nique in 17th century French culture was expected to be a gentile way to share food in a leisurely, socially stimulating, and probably fattening occasion. There is, however, a chilling note from Philip Dray in his highly-praised book, The Hands of Persons Unknown: The Lynching of Black America. New York: Random House (2003). Dray's book is a well-written social history of the American, largely southern traditions of lynching. At which the white "spectators" enjoyed a picnic!

   In the visual arts, too, the message may not focus entirely upon the affective function of FOOD and sociability. Images by artists like Chopra, Doyle, and Nelson Kenton, below 
even some of Roland Petersen's images show vacant space and give us an unsettled feeling.  And photographers Post-Walcott and

                                  
Workers and Their Lunch Break:



Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Harvesters, 1565


 
Isabel Bishop, Lunch Counter, 1940

Charles C.Ebbets, Lunch Atop a Skyscraper, 1932

Charles C. Ebbets, RCA Building NYC
Film Version  "Men at Lunch" 

Romare Bearden, Mill Hand's Lunch Bucket



 
Moscow Art/Photo Exhibit, 1986: Zastolye:  "We are having a nice time" [A Lunch Break for Russian Workers]

Below: Valentina Kharaborina, Lunch Break (Ukraine)



Women Workers' Lunch Break, Ukraine

The Family Picnic:

Roland Petersen, Family Picnic, 1969 [from The Picnic Series, 1958-69

Summer Picnic, 1971
 

Berenice Abbott, Picnic Land.  Few people and a not too attractive environment suited Abbott's sensibilities in the 1930s



         The Accoutrements of Picnics: Picnic Baskets and Tables



 Traditional Nantucket Lightship Lidded BasketThe Round Nantucket




Jenny Holzer, Picnic Table



 Odin Czintos, Picnic in the Park (Winter)

 

John George Brown, Woman with Picnic Basket 




Michael Beltz, It's No Picnic



American Images of Traditional Family Picnics in the Country, The Hudson River School and Beyond

Thomas Cole,


Rossiter Picnic on the Hudson, 1863


Persia, 17th century (scene galante - sophisticated Baroque picnic from the era of Shah Abbas, 1585-1672





Faith Ringgold

 


The Urban Picnic

 Sandy Skoglund, Picnic on Wine, 2003

Faith Ringgold

Picnics Abroad








 Henri Brassai, Sunday Afternoon on the Marne

                                           The Solitary Picnic

Ferdinand Roy,. Homeless Meal,1992

Charlie Doyle, Enchanted Picnic

 


Chopra, Picnic

  Alexander Yakut, Picnic by the Roadside

 
Alex Yakut, Picnic by the Roadside

Faith Ringgold Picnic on the Grass Alone
Alfred haberman


                                 Church Picnics:

Romare Bearden,  Shiloh Church Picnic


                                      Drive-ins, Fast Food, and Take Outs


Byron Baldwin, Dairy Queen, 1980s

 

 One of the best sources in print on this subject is "Food to Go:The Industrialization of the Picnic", in Eating Architecture, eds. Jamie Horwitz and Paulette Singley (2004) 

Below: David Lee Thompson paints classic 1950s food scenes and treats.

Classic Drive Inn - Fifties Drive In by David Lee Thompson













Other artists on eating en plein air:
Botero
Post-Walcott
Seurat
Singh
Ashton
Bates
Brancaccio
Djanikian (poem)
Doyle
Anton Chekhov's "The Duel"
David Bacon
I. L. Israels
A. Katz
N. Kenton
T. Kiyonaga
B. Kostadiev
U. Kunisada
L. A. Laubaudt
F. Lemoyne
J. Machado
T. Mikalene
B. Morisot 
Maurice Pendergast
D. Bertola
W.Bleekslock
P. Bonnard
C. Brancaccio
R. Cahoon
M. Z.Chagall
B.Champney
N.Chopra
E. Claus
J. Corbono
D. A. Colville
A.Cresswell 
O. Czantos, Picnic Bench in the Snow
G. Faulk
N.Goldin
W.Hart [Hudson River]
R. Henri
R. Honnegger
P. Picasso, Dejeuner sur l'herb
Henry Nelson O'Neil, The Picnic, 1857

 









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