Sunday, January 3, 2016


                                   The Horizontal Line as an Organizing Element

Robert Irwin     Scrim Veil, Black Rectangle, Natural Light, 1977

Richard Diebenkorn 4th of July 1957

Jo Baer The Minimilist Years 1965 - 75

Kenneth Noland   Little Rogues, 1968

Noland wanted to avoid the effect of a fence. For him the upright configuration concealed a problem deeper than the threat of suggesting landscape. Upright bands and stripes on the picture surface tended to appear as sculptural shapes (pickets, indeed!) applied before or upon a background. By this time Noland was committed to merging figure and ground into an ambiguous, emblematic presence. To accomplish this, he chose horizontal alignment.

Noland's "Stripe" formats were as brilliant as they were simple. By extending shape laterally, horizontal bands took advantage of the tendency of eyes to scan from side to side, and took corresponding advantage of the available width of walls in relation to more confined height. In offering an uninterrupted horizontal surface to eyesight, the horizontal bands reinforced color continuity and repressed shape and solidity. The optical replaced the sculptural.

The suggestion of landscape wasn't overcome so much as it was raised to a common area of perception. The "Stripes" don't really resemble landscape, yet one responds to them as one might to an extensive view.


Felix Gonzales-Torres Crystal Bridges (installation, wrapped green candy) 1994

Piet Mondrien, Trafalger Square [de Stjil]

Byron  Baldwin  Café, Prague            
Gursky    Dollar Store

Donald Judd Horizontal Wall Works (Progressions 1979 – 80)

Roy Lichtenstein sea and sky

Mark Rothko

Andreas Gursky (b. 1955, Leipzig)  Fictions on the Basis of Life

Andreas Gursky Hauptversammlung I, Diptychon, 2001, White Cube

Salvador Dali    Sacrament of the Last Supper 1955

Chee Wang Ng     Global Rice Bowls (Installation) 2012

Kate Ericson and Mel Ziegler Peas, Carrots, Potatoes, 1994-96

Nicolas de Stael

Claes Oldenburg       Pastry Case I, 1962

Jason Rhoades Fruit Jars 2001

Paul Sign Sardine Fishing, Setting Sun. Sardine Fishing. Adagio. Opus 221 from the series The Sea, The Boats, Concarneau, 1891

Stan’s Café Logo

Raimond Staprans     Oranges

Frank Stella    Luncheon on the Grass [See Monet and Manet]

Andreas Gursky     Dollar Stores

ctor Grippo     Analogy with Potatoes

Chris Jordan      2 Million Plastic Beverage Containers, 2006

Jan Bruegel the Elder    The Great Fish Market, 1603

Christopher Burkett       Blueberries (C print), 1990s

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